What Causes Infertility

Infertility is a condition affecting 2.4 Million couples every year. As both men and women are affected, the leading causes of infertility are yet to be isolated and pinpointed. Researches have established that infertility may be due to biological make up, physical conditions and ailments, environmental factors or even emotional stress.

About 40% of infertility cases can be accounted for in women and a variety of causes has been established. These causes can be either or a combination of the following problems: ovulation problems, hormonal imbalance, poor egg quality, conditions like Endometriosis, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (POS), Pelvic Inflammation disorder and female tube blockages.

Making up another 40% of the infertility cases is the male infertility. This has been attributed to low sperm counts, low sperm motility and sperm abnormality, with which primary factors affecting these come from the environment and lifestyle habits. Another major cause identified in male infertility is tubal blockages with which prevents the transport of fertile sperm.

Major Causes of Infertility in Women

Conditions like Endometriosis and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome accounts for the majority of women infertility cases. Though these conditions do not conclusively cause infertility, they account for more than half of the infertility cases in women. Women exhibiting these conditions experience difficulty in conceiving or carrying a pregnancy to its full term.

Endometriosis is a condition wherein the endometrial tissues grow on organs outside the uterus. These uterine sections grow in the vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes and pelvis. These implants are said to be caused by menstrual back flows and in turn become cysts that grow with each menstrual cycle. The cysts tend to be in multiples and can create scars and blockages that hinder ovulation and regular menstrual cycles.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is the condition that results from an overproduction of male hormones like testosterone causing the follicles to not produce eggs. What are formed are fluid-filled cysts that cover most of the ovaries. Increase in glucose tolerance level emanating from the increase burning of insulin not only increases the risk of diabetes but also affects fertility.

Abnormalities in the ovulation cycle also play a vital role in fertility. The ovulation process may be affected by thyroid problems, overproduction of specific hormones like prolactin and androgens, and lifestyle habits and stress.

Other cervical conditions like stenosis or the narrowing of the cervix and inhospitable cervical mucous, coupled with infections emanating from sexually transmitted diseases will affect a woman’s fertility. If gone untreated for a number of days, these conditions may seriously take a turn for the worst.

Major Causes of Infertility in Men

Problems in sperm count, motility and morphology are the most common reasons for male infertility. They may be unexplained but a number of reasons have been cited to cause sperm quality degradation. Heat to the genitals from tight clothing, hot baths and saunas; stress, and harmful lifestyle habits like excessive alcohol, smoking and drug intake are among those that affect sperm quality.

The following environmental factors and physical ailments may cause infertility in men:

  • Exposure to toxins and radiation
  • Testicular injury, mumps and venereal diseases
  • Testicular failure and hormonal problems
  • Medical illness like diabetes, hypertension and thyroid disorder
  • Male tubal blockages
  • Varicocele

These male tubal blockages are mostly caused by varicoceles. Varicoceles are the varicose veins in the testicles, which can be caused by sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia and gonorrhea.

Infertility cases are mostly a combination of both male and female infertility. There are also instances wherein infertility is unexplained. After a full series of fertility test may have been executed and doctors could not identify the exact cause of infertility fall into this category. This kind of infertility are often attributed to one’s being significantly over weight and underweight, excessive stress in both mental and emotional aspects and environmental factors without stable link being established yet.

What will I do next?

There are a lot of factors that can be linked to infertility. However, thorough medical and fertility check ups can help you pinpoint the exact cause and help you plan on specific action plans to take. Fertility experts will guide you on the step by step procedures to cure and overcome infertility.

  • Read all about infertility and the possible causes.
  • Make sure you list all symptoms and possible causes you have in mind so you can help out your fertility expert identify specific causes
  • Read all you can about infertility cures and procedures

Infertility may be a stressful issue in itself, but you can reduce the worries by knowing what is ahead of you and your partner. Talk to a fertility specialist soonest that you can.

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